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Комментарии к оригинальному тексту «Чикчи» представлены на английском языке.

Click the number in the image to see details on composition analysis and explanation.

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  • 1 In many parts of Jikji, smaller than regular-sized types were used. This probably occurred because differently sized supplementary types had to be used in cases when metal types went missing or underwent deterioration through repeated use.
  • 2
    Yangqi Fanghui (992–1042) was a Chinese Chan master of the Northern Song Dynasty. He is the founder of the Yangqi Line of the Linji School (臨濟宗), one of the Five Houses and Seven Schools of Chan (五家七宗). While studying under ShishuangChuyuan (慈明楚圓) in Mount Nanyuan (南源山), he achieved awakening and became his dharma heir. Later, he taught at Putong Monastery (普通院) on Mount Yangqi (楊岐山) in Yuanzhou (袁州), Jiangxi Province, where his following grew and evolved into one of the Five Houses and Seven Schools of Chan. He left behind a collection entitled Recorded Sayings (語錄).

    Yangqi had 13 disciples, including BaiyunShouduan (白雲守端) and BaoningRenyong (保寧仁勇). They continued to attract followers and later became known as the Yangqi Line.
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    Chan Master Shishuang said, “You can know for yourself. I am not as good as you.” When Yangqi heard this, words that had always gone in one ear and out the other, he understood it and achieved awakening. “Achieved a sudden awakening” is a frequently used phrase in the recorded sayings of ancient Chan masters. Still, the source of their awakenings is obscure, so we can only comprehend it through experiences similar or equal to those of these awakened masters. Truth be told, awakening can only be self-obtained and cannot be achieved through others by proxy. As such, Buddhism commonly uses terms such as chedeuk (體感), or to attain for yourself, chegam (體感), or to feel for yourself, and chein (體認), or to understand for yourself. The Chinese character che (體) refers to the physical body, so these terms imply that the Way (道), which is the truth, must be obtained through one’s physical body, felt through the body and perceived through the same body. Such philosophical attitudes reveal that Seon practice is less about theory than about personal experience.

    We still have this belief that once we meet an ideal mentor, we will easily be able to achieve awakening. However, be it in old times or the present day, whether your mentor is good or bad, it is you who has to find the path to awakening. Awakening through practice – that is the true teaching of a religion. (SeoMyeong-won)
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