Folio 8 Recto

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Комментарии к оригинальному тексту «Чикчи» представлены на английском языке.

Click the number in the image to see details on composition analysis and explanation.

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  • 1 Jikji is 24.6 cm long and 17.0 cm wide. The text area without margins is 21.0 cm long and 14.8 cm wide. It is of typical size for a book from the Goryeo Dynasty, with later editions gradually increasing in size.

    Each sheet of paper used for Jikji was printed, on both sides, using metal printing plates and was folded into pages afterwards. Each page consists of 11 vertical lines of text, with each line containing 17–21 characters. On the existing content pages of Jikji, a total of 5,538 types were used to print 14,021 characters.

    There are two types of printing plates (known as inpan) used to print Jikji. Specifically, two different kinds of plates were used for odd- and even-numbered spreads, with movable metal types repeatedly arranged and then replaced on these plates. Their utilization can be confirmed from the page borders printed on the book. A careful examination of the printed pages reveals that the color shades are uneven across characters because metal types were not arranged at equal height during the typesetting and that some characters were printed twice over.

    In the case of types raised during typesetting, the adjacent page borders, borderlines of vertical texts, and characters tend to exhibit poor printing quality.

    Such imperfection is a phenomenon caused by uneven typesetting as well as the varying heights of movable metal types that were used in the early phase of their development history. After printing, with the help of a writing brush, pale characters were made more intelligible and missing characters added. Since types used for Jikji were cast at a regional Buddhist temple instead of a central Goryeo governmental office, the qualities related to the uniformity of their size, metal casting, typesetting and print are relatively inferior. Nevertheless, Jikji is the oldest surviving book that features all major characteristics of a book printed with early-stage movable metal types, showcasing the earliest movable metal type printing technology invented by humanity.
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