Interleaf Verso

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Click the number in the image to see details on composition analysis and explanation.

간지 1 2 3 4
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  • 1 The bookplate (ex libris) and the upper right corner of this page feature a distinct motif used by Collin de Plancy.
  • 2 After purchasing Jikji, Collin de Plancy attached a bookplate (ex libris) here on this page. The Chinese character gal (葛) comes from the first letter of his Chinese name Gallimdeok (葛林德). The same bookplate is attached to most of his collection items donated to the École des LanguesOrientalesVivantes (School of Living Oriental Languages) and the National Library of France, thereby facilitating identification.
  • 3 The number 3738 written in pencil on this Collin de Plancy bookplate indicates the serial number assigned to Jikji in the supplement (Volume 4) of Korean Bibliography written by Maurice Courant. He attended the École des LanguesOrientalesVivantes (School of Living Oriental Languages) in Paris and studied the Chinese and Japanese languages. After graduation, he worked at the French legation in Beijing, China before being transferred to another legation in Seoul, Korea to serve as an interpreter. During his residency in Seoul, Collin de Plancy, the first French Consul (chargé d'affaires) to Korea encouraged him to write a bibliography of Korean books. In the preface to Korean Bibliography, he mentions that the idea of writing the book sprung from the advice of Collin de Plancy and that they had worked together.

    Maurice Courant’s commentary on Jikji can be found in the supplement (Volume 4) of Korean Bibliography. The book consists of four volumes, each published between 1894 and 1901. The first three contain information on 3,240 ancient Korean books, and the fourth is a supplement published in 1901. Most books in Collin de Plancy’s Korean book collection, including Jikji, are featured in this fourth volume. Entry 3738 is significant in that it features Courant’s description of Jikji, the first such information about the book.
    Entry 3738 in Korean Bibliography contains the title of the book, its meaning and pronunciation transliterated in French, the size of the book, its owner (Collin de Plancy) and the fact that only the second of the book’s two volumes is extant. The entry also states that Jikji was printed with movable metal type at Heungdeoksa Temple in Cheongjumok in 1377 and that, if this fact was assumed to be true, , then the type was invented 26 years earlier than Gyemija (produced in 1403), a movable metal type commissioned by King Taejong of Joseon
  • 4 In 1952, Jikji was donated in the will of Henry Vever to the National Library of France. The library attached, on this page, a label stating that the book was part of his collection during the period spanning 1911–1943.
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